phrasal verbmeaningexample sentence
ask sby outinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundask many people the same questionasked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up tosthgequalYour purchases add up to $205.32.
back sthg upreverseYou'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back sby upsupportMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow upexplodeThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow sthg upadd airWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break downstop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downget upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break sthgdowndivide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break inforce entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break intosthgenter forciblyThe firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break sthg inwear sthg a few times so that it doesn't look/feel newI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break ininterruptThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break upend a relationshipMy boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break upstart laughing (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break outescapeThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out insthgdevelop a skin conditionbroke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring sbydownmake unhappyThis sad music is bringing me down.
bring sby upraise a childMy grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring sthg upstart talking about a subjectMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring sthg upvomitHe drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call aroundphone many different places/peopleWe called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call sby backreturn a phone callcalled the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call sthg offcancelJason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
call on sbyask for an answer or opinionThe professor called on me for question 1.
call on sbyvisit sbyWe called on you last night but you weren't home.
call sby upphoneGive me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm downrelax after being angryYou are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care forsby/ sthgnot like (formal)I don't care for his behaviour.
catch upget to the same point as sby elseYou'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check inarrive and register at a hotel or airportWe will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check outleave a hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
check sby/ sthg outlook at carefully, investigateThe company checks out all new employees.
check outsby/ sthglook at (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer upbecome happierShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer sby upmake happierI brought you some flowers to cheer you up.
chip inhelpIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean sthg uptidy, cleanPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come acrosssthgfind unexpectedlycame across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apartseparateThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with sthgbecome sickMy nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forwardvolunteer for a task or to give evidenceThe woman came forward with her husband's finger prints.
come from some placeoriginate inThe art of origami comes from Asia.
count onsby/ sthgrely onI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross sthgoutdraw a line throughPlease cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back onsthgconsume lessMy doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut sthgdownmake sthg fall to the groundWe had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
cut ininterruptYour father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut inpull in too closely in front of another vehicleThe bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut instart operating (of an engine or electrical device)The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut sthg offremove with sthg sharpThe doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut sthg offstop providingThe phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
cut sby offtake out of a willMy grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
cut sthg outremove part of sthg (usually with scissors and paper)cut this ad out of the newspaper.
do sby/ sthgoverbeat up, ransack (BrE, informal)He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do sthg overdo again (AmE)My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn't like my topic.
do away with sthgdiscardIt's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do sthg upfasten, closeDo your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress upwear nice clothingIt's a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop backmove back in a position/groupAndrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/ by/ overcome without an appointmentI might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
drop sby/ sthg offtake sby/ sthg somewhere and leave them/it thereI have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop outquit a class, school etcdropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat outeat at a restaurantI don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
end upeventually reach/do/decideWe ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apartbreak into piecesMy new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall downfall to the groundThe picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall outseparate from an interiorThe money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattachedHis hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure sthgoutunderstand, find the answerI need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill sthg into write information in blanks, as on a form (BrE)Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill sthg outto write information in blanks, as on a form (AmE)The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill sthg upfill to the topI always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find outdiscoverWe don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
find sthg outdiscoverWe tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get sthgacross/ overcommunicate, make understandableI tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn't listen.
get along/onlike each otherI was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get aroundhave mobilityMy grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get awaygo on a vacationWe worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away with sthgdo without being noticed or punishedJason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
get backreturnWe got back from our vacation last week.
get sthgbackreceive sthg you had beforeLiz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.
get back atsbyretaliate, take revengeMy sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back into sthgbecome interested in sthg againI finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on sthgstep onto a vehicleWe're going to freeze out here if you don't let us get on the bus.
get over sthgrecover from an illness, loss, difficultyI just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over sthgovercome a problemThe company will have to close if it can't get over the new regulations.
get round tosthgfinally find time to do (AmE: get around tosthg)I don't know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get togethermeet (usually for social reasons)Let's get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get upget out of bedgot up early today to study for my exam.
get upstandYou should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give sbyawayreveal hidden information about sbyHis wife gave him away to the police.
give sbyawaytake the bride to the altarMy father gave me away at my wedding.
give sthgawayruin a secretMy little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give sthgawaygive sthg to sby for freeThe library was giving away old books on Friday.
give sthgbackreturn a borrowed itemI have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give inreluctantly stop fighting or arguingMy boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give sthg outgive to many people (usually at no cost)They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give sthg upquit a habitI am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give upstop tryingMy maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after sbyfollow sbyMy brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after sthgtry to achieve sthgwent after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go againstsbycompete, opposeWe are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go aheadstart, proceedPlease go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go backreturn to a placeI have to go back home and get my lunch.
go outleave home to go on a social eventWe're going out for dinner tonight.
go out withsbydateJesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over sthgreviewPlease go over your answers before you submit your test.
go overvisit sby nearbyI haven't seen Tina for a long time. I think I'll go over for an hour or two.
go withoutsthgsuffer lack or deprivationWhen I was young, we went without winter boots.
grow apartstop being friends over timeMy best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow backregrowMy roses grew back this summer.
grow intosthggrow big enough to fitThis bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
grow out ofsthgget too big forElizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow upbecome an adultWhen Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
hand sthgdowngive sthg used to sby elsehanded my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand sthg insubmitI have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand sthgoutto distribute to a group of peopleWe will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand sthgovergive (usually unwillingly)The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang instay positive (informal)Hang in there. I'm sure you'll find a job very soon.
hang onwait a short time (informal)Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang outspend time relaxing (informal)Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang upend a phone callHe didn't say goodbye before he hung up.
hold sby/ sthg backprevent from doing/goingI had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.
hold sthgbackhide an emotionJamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.
hold onwait a short timePlease hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold ontosby/ sthghold firmly using your hands or armsHold onto your hat because it's very windy outside.
hold sby/ sthguprobA man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
keep on doing sthgcontinue doingKeep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep sthgfrom sbynot tellWe kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keep sby/ sthg outstop from enteringTry to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep sthg upcontinue at the same rateIf you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let sby downfail to support or help, disappointI need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.
let sby inallow to enterCan you let the cat in before you go to school?
log in (or on)sign in (to a website, database etc)I can't log in to Facebook because I've forgotten my password.
log out (or off)sign out (of a website, database etc)If you don't log off somebody could get into your account.
look aftersby/ sthgtake care ofI have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down on sbythink less of, consider inferiorEver since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look for sby/ sthgtry to findI'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward to sthgbe excited about the futureI'm looking forward to the Christmas break.
look intosthginvestigateWe are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look outbe careful, vigilant, and take noticeLook out! That car's going to hit you!
look out forsby/ sthgbe especially vigilant forDon't forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look sthgovercheck, examineCan you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look sthg upsearch and find information in a reference book or databaseWe can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up tosbyhave a lot of respect forMy little sister has always looked up to me.
make sthgupinvent, lie about sthgJosie made up a story about why we were late.
make upforgive each otherWe were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make sby upapply cosmetics toMy sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix sthg upconfuse two or more thingsmixed up the twins' names again!
pass awaydieHis uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass outfaintIt was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass sthg outgive the same thing to many peopleThe professor passed the textbooks out before class.
pass sthg updecline (usually sthg good)passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay sby backreturn owed moneyThanks for buying my ticket. I'll pay you back on Friday.
pay for sthgbe punished for doing sthg badThat bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick sthg outchoosepicked out three sweaters for you to try on.
point sby/ sthg outindicate with your fingerI'll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
put sthgdownput what you are holding on a surface or floorYou can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put sbydowninsult, make sby feel stupidThe students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.
put sthg offpostponeWe are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put sthg outextinguishThe neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put sthgtogetherassembleI have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.
put up withsby/ sthgtolerateI don't think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put sthg onput clothing/ accessories on your bodyDon't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run into sby/ sthgmeet unexpectedlyran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run oversby/ sthgdrive a vehicle over a person or thingI accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/ through sthgrehearse, reviewLet's run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run awayleave unexpectedly, escapeThe child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run outhave none leftWe ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send sthgbackreturn (usually by mail)My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set sthg uparrange, organizeOur boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set sby uptrick, trapThe police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop aroundcompare pricesI want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show offact extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep overstay somewhere for the night (informal)You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort sthg outorganize, resolve a problemWe need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to sthgcontinue doing sthg, limit yourself to one particular thingYou will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch sthgoffstop the energy flow, turn offThe light's too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch sthgonstart the energy flow, turn onWe heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take aftersbyresemble a family membertake after my mother. We are both impatient.
take sthgapartpurposely break into piecesHe took the car brakes apart and found the problem.
take sthgbackreturn an itemI have to take our new TV back because it doesn't work.
take offstart to flyMy plane takes off in five minutes.
take sthg offremove sthg (usually clothing)Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take sthg outremove from a place or thingCan you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take sby outpay for sby to go somewhere with youMy grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
tear sthg uprip into piecestore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.
think backremember (often + to, sometimes + on)When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think sthgoverconsiderI'll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.
throw sthgawaydispose ofWe threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
turn sthgdowndecrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn sthgdownrefuseturned the job down because I don't want to move.
turn sthg offstop the energy flow, switch offYour mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.
turn sthg onstart the energy, switch onIt's too dark in here. Let's turn some lights on.
turn sthg upincrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn upappear suddenlyOur cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try sthg onsample clothingI'm going to try these jeans on, but I don't think they will fit.
try sthg outtestI am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use sthg upfinish the supplyThe kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake upstop sleepingWe have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warm sby/ sthg upincrease the temperatureYou can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm upprepare body for exerciseI always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear offfade awayMost of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.
work outexercisework out at the gym three times a week.
work outbe successfulOur plan worked out fine.
work sthgoutmake a calculationWe have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.


Ref: https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/phrasal-verbs-list.htm

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  1. 토익스피킹 2017.09.30 00:15 신고
    토익스피킹 모의고사 준비하시면 토스픽에서 연습해보세요 :) tospic.com
secret

중국어 발음

[소리 갯수]

 총 1522개 : 성조 구분 시 ma1, ma2, ma3, ma4, ma

 총 413개 : ma, mo, mi, etc (372 정도가 주사용, 나머진 거의 안쓰임)

  - 자음22 * 모음36 = 792지만 중간중간에 빠진 조합이 많음

  *All Pinyin Syllables: http://www.archchinese.com/chinese_pinyin.html

  *CEDICT(Chinese-English Dictionary) 기준

              

  톤 별 구성

    -1성 ¯: 19.6%

    -2성 ´: 21.8%

    -3성 ˇ: 15.9%

    -4성 `: 35.3%

    -없음  :  7.4%

        

[문자 갯수]

  총 9231 : 미디어 사용 

  총 2377 : 99% 커버 (HSK 6급이 2500단어니, 그거 따면 현지인 수준인듯)




한글 발음 > 중국 발음

*주의: 딱히, 중국어 공부엔 도움 안됨. 걍 궁금한 사람만 살짝 참고 바람



이미 한자를 많이 알고 있나요?

그렇다면 거꾸로 거슬러 발음할 수 있는 '패턴'이 있지 않을까요.

그 패턴을 찾아보려 몇개의 발음을 살펴봤는데....


중국어 한 발음이 한글 음으로는 무지하게 갈라지네요. -_-

주요 음은 대충 있지만 예외가 많아서 확실한 패턴은 아닙니다.


아래 jie발음을 예로 들면,


같은 jie지만 한글 음이 다른 경우엔 성조가 다른것 같네요.                     (가,개,접은 jiē / 걸,결,절은 jié)

근데 반대의 경우로 성조가 다르다고 무조건 한글 음이 달라지진 않고요. ('가' jiā, jià, jiǎ 단어가 모두 있죠)




[a, ba, jia, jie만 한글 음으로 찾아봤음]

a

 아  1.a [啊:감탄,어조사 - 응?,아!]  2.ā [阿:외래어표기 - 阿里巴巴 알리바바, 阿拉伯 아랍]        

        

ba

 파  

  1.ba [吧:어조사 - right?,OK?,贴吧 웹포럼,酒吧 술집,网吧 인터넷카페 摸吧 스킨십 성인바, 罢:끝내다 - 罢免 파면,罢休 포기하다,也罢 never mind] 

  2.bǎ [把:잡다 - 把握 파악 把持 파지]  

  3.bà [爸:아버지 - 兔爸 툴바, 坝:댐]  

  4.bā [八:8, 巴:바라다,~옆에,~붙어있다,외래어표기, 扒:벗기다,찢다,파다 - 扒手 소매치기, 扒皮 착취하다, 扒窃 훔치다, 疤:흉터 - 伤疤 흉터]

        

  발 1.bá [拔:뽑다,빼다,선택하다 - 海拔, 해발 选拔 선발, 拔除 발제,拔牙 발치, 拔掉 unplug, 跋:추신(ps) - 跋涉 trek,跋扈 bossy] 

  패 1.bà [霸:두목,폭군,주도권]

        

jia

 가  

  1.jiā [家:집,加:더할,佳,嘉:아름답다,伽(gā):외래표기 - 요가 yújiā,감마 gāmǎ,枷:도리깨]  

  2.jià [价:값,架:선반,驾:몰다(ride,drive,sail)]  

  3.jiǎ [假:거짓,嫁:시집갈]  

        

  갑  1.jiǎ [甲,钾:갑옷]

        

jie

 1.jie 저 [姐:자매]

 

 2.jiē

 가  [街:거리 - 逛街 산책,아이쇼핑]

 개  [皆:all]

 접  [接:만나다,받다 - 链接 링크, 直接 직접, 接受 접수]

 

3.jié

 걸  [杰:영웅,뛰어난 - 俊杰 엘리트,杰作 걸작]

 결  [结:맺다 - 结婚 결혼, 结果 결과, 结合 결합, 结论 결론, 结构 구조, 结束 끝냄, 洁:깨끗한 - 廉洁 정직한, 清洁 깨끗한, 圣洁 신성한, 简洁 간결]

 절  [节:마디,축제, 截: 끊다 - 截然 완전히, 截止 멈추다, 截获 가로채다 截至 up to;by]

 

4.jiè

 계  [届:이르다(장소,시간에) - 届满 만료,首届 첫세션, 界:경계 - 世界 세계,政界 정계, 业界 업계, 戒:포기하다,경계하다 - 戒除 그만두다]

 차  [借:빌릴 - 借鉴 참고하다(경험 빌림),借用 차용] 


5.jiě

 해  [解:풀다,나누다 - 了解 알아내다, 理解 이해, 解除 해제, 解读 해독, 解放 해방, 不可解 해결 불가능한]











그래도 주로 어떤 발음으로 갈 확률이 높다는 건 있네요.




#1. 약간 일관성 있는 경우

로 예를 들면,

아래 jia는 대부분이 '가'고 일부 '갑'이 있었습니다.

그런데 ka, ge, ke 등도 한글 '가'로 쓰이는 한자가 많은데요. jia만큼 일관적으로 변하진 않아요.., 

 

jia > ,갑

ka > 가,거,카,각,잡

ge > 가,거,각,갈,격,력,알,합 (너무 많음)

ke > 가,각,객,,극



#2. 높은 일관성 있는 경우

- '능', '릉'과 같이 어떤 한자들은 거의 neng, leng 등 일관된 소리로 대응되네요.


- ~ao 대체로 'ㅗ'랑 대응  

    일부는 '폭','뇌','뢰','락' 등 예외도 보입니다. dao, gao, kao, hao 등은 예외가 거의 없지만요.

  

   bao, pao,(,포,폭) dao(도), tao(,토), nao(,뇌,요), lao(,료,뢰,락), gao(고), kao(코), hao(호)


  


#3. 자음 대응


중국 자음(22): a  b  p  m f d t   n   l  g   k  h   j  q   x  zh ch sh r  z  c  s

                      ㅇ ㅂ ㅍ ㅁ f ㄷㅌ ㄴ ㄹ ㄱ ㅋ ㅎ ㅈ ㅊ ㅅ 쮜  취  쉬 쥐 즈 츠 스


한글 자음(14): ㄱㄴㄷㄹㅁㅂㅅㅇㅈㅊㅋㅌㅍㅎ 



#1 ㅈ ㅊ ㅅ ( j q x  zh ch sh r  z  c  s)

- 14개로 나머지 8개가 카바 안되겠죠...?(위 핑크색) 

   f를 뺀 7개는 우리 입장에선 ㅈ,ㅊ,ㅅ의 변형입니다

   중국은 이 ㅈㅊㅅ를 참 좋아했나봅니다...


- ㅈ: j  => zh 

  ㅊ: q  => ch

  ㅅ: x  => sh

중국인의 유툽 강의를 봐도 이 발음 차이는 너무 미묘하다며, 걍 똑같이 발음하라고도 하네요.

제 인상은 '쮜' 사운드 낼 때처럼 입술만 쭉 내밀면 zh,ch,sh 되는게 아닐까....


#2 ㅂ ( b p f)

- 조상님들은 b,p,f를 구분 못했나봅니다

   b  는   'ㅂ'로 

   p,f는   'ㅍ'로  정확히 매칭되지 않습니다.

  

  왠만하면 걍 'ㅂ' 


특히 b,p는 걍 같은 소리로 받아들인듯

  ba,pa   

  bian, pian 변,편

  biao,piao  표

  bie, pie     별

  

- 재밌는건 f 도 'ㅂ' 단어가 훨씬 많습니다. 영어의 fake를 베이크로 인식한 셈이 아닐까요...

   

  예를들면, 

  

  # 한글의 '방'은 bang, pang, fang  등 어떻게 불릴지 모릅니다.

  그런데 중국어의 fang은 우리의 '방'.


  # bo, po 는 한글로는 무수합니다. 보, 복, 파, 박, 백, 발 등.

    그런데 fo는 한글로 보통 '불'.

 


b

p

m

f

ba()

pa()

ma()

fa(,,)

bai (,,,)

pai(,,,)

mai


ban(반,)

pan( ,)

man

fan(반,,)

bang(,,)

pang(,,)

mang

fang()

bao (보,,)

pao(포)

mao




me


bei(비,,,,)

pei(비,,)

mei

fei(,)

ben (본,)

pen (본,)

men

fen(분,)

beng(붕,,,)

peng(팽,,)

meng

feng(봉,)





bi(비,,,,)

pi(비,,,)

mi






bian(,)

pian(,)

mian






biao(표)

piao(표)

miao


bie(별)

pie(별)

mie


bin,)

pin(빈,,)

min


bing(빙,)

ping(병,)

ming












miu


bo(보,,,,)

po(파,,,)

mo

fo,)






pou,)

mou

fou,)

bu(부,,)

pu(보,,)

mu

fu (부,)




















































이상 궁금해서 그냥 비교해본 한글,중국어 사운드입니다. 비교해본 결과 공부에 별 도움은 안될거 같네요. ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ 그냥 암기가 빠르시겠습니다.

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중국어 발음 설명




자음


1.b p m f         (브 프 므 f)

2.d t n l           (드 트 느 르)

3.g k h            (그 크 흐) 

4.j q x             (지 치 시)      ;; 개인적으로 한글 발음에 젤 가깝게 느껴짐   

5.z c s            (즈[ds] 츠[ts] 스) 

6.zh ch sh r    (쮜[dg]   취[ch]   쉬[sh]  쥐 [봉주르의 '쥐'사운드에 가까운듯])




모음


ai(아이) ei(에이) ao(아오) ou(오우)

an() en() er()

ang() eng() ong()




;;  i:yi, u:wu, ü:yu 가 똑같은 소리로 대응된다는 의미


i:yi


ia())    iao(야오) ie(이에)

iu(요우)  ian()

in()     iang()

ing()   iong()


ya yao ye you yan

yin yang ying yong



u:wu


ua()    uo()   uai(와이)

ui(웨이)

uan()  un()  uang()  ueng()


wa wo wai wei

wan wen wang weng



ü:yu


üe (위에)

üan (위엔)

ün ()


yue yuan yun








아래 강좌 정리:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RnZ4NUlXlfQ&t=443s

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중국어 단어 모음 (한글 음이랑 비교)
No. 한자 간체자 중국 발음(Chinese) 중국 뜻 한글 발음(Korean) 한글 뜻
숫자
1 1
2 èr 2
3 sān 3
4 4
5 5
6 liù 6
7 7
8 8
9 jiǔ 9
10 shí 10
11 十一 shí yī 11 십일
12 二十一 èr shí yī 21 이십일
13 bǎi 100
14 qiān 1,000
15 wàn 10,000
16 十万 shí wàn 100,000 십만
17 百万 bǎi wàn 1,000,000 백만
18 千万 qiān wàn 10,000,000 천만
19 亿 100,000,000
20 十亿 shí yì 1,000,000,000 십억
21 líng 0
22 一百零一 yī bǎi líng yī 101 백일
대명사
23
24 니가 뭔데
25 그(he) 타인,타국,타향 등에 씀
26 그녀(she)
27 그것(it)
28 de ~의(소유격 ex.我的) '목적'의 적
29 men ~들(복수 ex.我们/咱们 우리 你们 니네 他们 게네 她们 게네(여자) 它们 그것들(물건) 人们 사람들)
30 rén 사람
교통
31 走路 zǒu lù 걷다 주로 달릴주,길로(경주로,활주로)
32 开车 kāi chē 차를 몰다(开는 뭔가 연다는 뜻에 자주 등장. 开户는 계정 오픈;은행,웹사이트 등) 개차 열개,수레차
33 飞机 fēi jī 비행기 비기 날비,기계기
34 出租车 chū zū chē 택시(出租가 임대) 출조차 날출,조세조,수레차
35 公共气车 gōng gòng qì chē 공공버스 공공기차 공평공,한가지공,기운기,수레차(공공기관)
36 地铁 dìtiě 지하철(铁人은 철인) 지철 땅지,쇠철
37 电车 diàn chē(电子产品 전자제품) 트램 전차
38 火车 huǒ chē 기차 화차
39 优步 yōu bù Uber(중국에서 결국 철수 했죠. 그러나 '디디추싱'의 지분 20% 대가로 넘겼고, 경쟁에서 밀렸다기보다 당국 때문이라는 견해가 지배적) 우보 뛰어날우,걸을보
40 滴滴出行 dī dī chūxíng 디디추싱(중국판 우버, 알리바바/텐센트의 서비스가 합병한 회사. 우버도 여기에 가세) 적적출행 물방울적
장소
41 首都 shŏu dū 수도 수도
42 邮局 yóu jú 우체국 우국 우편우,판국
43 市场 shì chăng 시장 시장
44 面包房 miàn bāo fáng 빵집(面包 빵/ 面 밀가루,면,얼굴 /包 가방,패키지,패킷 등 묶음과 관련된 뜻 많음) 면포방
45 书店 shū diàn(店 매장) 서점 서점
46 药店 yào diàn 약국 약점
47 公园 gōng yuán 공원 공원
48 饭店 fàn diàn 밥집(饭이 밥과 대응/ 吃饭 밥을 먹다/ 饭碗 밥그릇, 우리가 흔히 말하는 밥줄,밥그릇의 생계 의미도 같음) 반점 밥반
49 电影院 diàn yĭng yuàn 영화관 전자원 전자전,형상영,집원
50 酒吧 jiŭ bā 주점 주파 술주,아이 다툴파
51 银行 yín háng 은행 은행 은/화페 은
52 医院 yī yuàn 병원 의원
53 教堂 jiào táng 교회 교당 가르칠교 (교사,학교 등)
54 杂货店 zá huò diàn 식료품점(grocery store) 잡화점 섞일잡, 재화화
55 警察局 jǐngchá jú 경찰서 경찰국
56 按摩店 Ànmó diàn 마사지샵 안마점
57 保健按摩 Bǎojiàn Ànmó 마사지샵 간판에 죄다 이렇게 되있음 보건안마
58 专业按摩 Zhuānyè ànmó 프로안마(걍 안마샵 종류) 전업안마 오로지 전,일 업
59 盲人按摩 Mángrén ànmó 맹인안마(걍 안마샵 종류) 맹인안마 눈멀맹/바라볼망
60 正骨按摩 Zhènggǔ ànmó 정형안마 정형안마
61 推拿按摩 Tuīná ànmó 지압안마 퇴나안마 밀추/퇴,잡을나
62 整形外科 Zhěngxíng wàikē 성형외과 정형외과 가지런할 정,모양 형
63 骨科 Gǔkē 정형외과(진짜 정형외과..) 골과 뼈골
64 牙科 Yákē 치과 아과 어금니 아
65 儿科 Érkē 소아과 아과 아이 아
66 诊所 Zhěnsuǒ 진료소 진소 진찰진
67 综合医院 Zònghé yīyuàn 종합병원 종합병원
68 学校 Xuéxiào 학교 학교
69 补习班 Bǔxí bān 학원 보습반 도울보,익힐습,나눌반
70 幼儿园 / 小学(6) / 中学 [初中(3), 高中(3)] / 大学 Yòu'éryuán / Xiǎoxué / Zhōngxué [Chūzhōng, Gāozhōng] / Dàxué 유치원 / 초 / [중,고등] / 대학교 (우리와 마찬가지로 初中까지 의무 교육) 유아원 / 소 / 중 [초중,고중 / 대학교
71 理发店 / 美容室 / 美发沙龙 / 发廊 / Lǐfǎ diàn / Měiróng shì / Měifǎ shālóng / fà láng / 이발소 / 미용실 이발점 / 미용실 / 미발사롱 / 발랑
72 健身房 Jiànshēnfáng 헬스장 건강방
73 咖啡店 Kāfēi diàn 커피점 가배점(ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ)
74 网吧 Wǎngbā PC방 (网 네트워크, 网上 온라인, 网络 인터넷, 网站 웹사이트, 网址 URL) 망파 그물 망
75 购物中心 Gòuwù zhòng xīn 쇼핑센터 구물중심 살 구, 물건 물
76 声调 shēng diào 성조 성조
77 拼音 pīnyīn 병음(pīnyīn 식으로 로마자로 표기하는 체계) 병음
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구글 코딩 시험 예제 영상


영어로 코딩시험을 볼때는 이런식으로 말하는구나, 이런 분위기로 진행되겠구나 짐작해볼 수 있는 영상이네요.


모국어로 진행하는 사람도 당황하고 정신없어하는데...
우리들 입장에선 온 전신에 불 나겠다 싶습니다 ㅋㅋ



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